USA: Hawaii Island (Big Island, Hawaii)
The youngest in the archipelago island of Hawaii, or a big island, as it is often called it here, in fact half the size of all other islands and the group atolls are taken together – its area reaches 10.4 thousand. kv. KM, while over the past 20 years he has expanded due to volcanic activities for another 2.2 kV. km (island formed by five volcanoes, consistently overlapping each other, and is still in the formation stage). According to one of the legends, the island has received his name in honor of the legendary Polynesian Morelode Havailoa, according to the other, he carries the name of the ancient land of Havaiiki, where all Polynesians come from, and where they go to the world of other after death.
This is the most diverse island of the archipelago, combining the desert, tropical forests, volcanic arrays up to 4,200 meters high, which block the northeastern trade winds and make the west west side the most dry part of the archipelago (therefore, most of the resort zones are concentrated here). At the same time, the entered east coast with its volcanic landscapes, deep gorges, majestic waterfalls, a rainy, often rainy weather and thick arrays of rainforest serves as a natural natural nature reserve.
Unlike its northern neighbors, Hawaii is the tourism is not very active. The reason for this and regular volcanic eruptions, and large arrays of protected areas, access to which is possible only for a special permit, and its southern position in the group. However, its main attraction – the UNESCO World Heritage List Hawaii National Park (Opened in 1916., Area 1348 kV. km), is able to translate many other islands of the archipelago in popularity. It is not surprising – little where there can be almost all samples of volcanic activities on such a small space, many unique form of relief and natural communities. Here is the most active caldera planet – Kilauea (Kilauee, 1247 m), the most massive volcano of the Earth – Mauna Loa (4169 m, and if you count from the sole as lying at the bottom of the ocean, the total height of this volcano almost twice will exceed Everest) and Museum of Wolcanology and Seismography Jaggar. However, no less interesting Lava pipe Tarston, stunning Lava fields of Kau desert (Between the national park and the tiny town of Naalehu), frightening landscapes of cones, pillars and rivers of frozen lava on the western slopes of volcanic array, old Pauhi crater, Kochala or Julaolai and black sands Kalapana.
Lush coastal Vaipo Valley Lies with the windward side of the mountains of Kochala. The picturesque 600-meter rocks of the valley with dozens of waterfalls are covered with a dense edge of the forest, which makes this area the best choice for hiking excursions and autosafari.
Also interesting Reserve Reineau Falls, Bay Kikholo with its black beaches and ancient forests surrounded by lava fields, National Historical Park of the Hawaiian Culture Puzhonuua-O-Honaunau on West Bank, Museum of Onyzuca-Space Center (dedicated to the Astronaut of Ellison Onyzuk, the dead "Challenger"), Akaka Falls Falls Park (129 m – the highest on the island), royal Palace Hulihee in Cailua-Kona, picturesque Rocks Ka-Lae (South Point) in the southernmost part of the island (and state), Park and Woody Nursery Manuk-Steight Weiceid Park west of Nalehu, complex Observatory Mauna Kea In the Scientific Reserve, Cultural Center of Eastern Hawaii (EHCC), Sedi Semo Botanical Gardens, Nani-Mau, Hilo and Museum Tsunami In Hilo (Eastern Coast), Botanical Gardens Warld and Waterfalls Umumum To the north of Hilo.
On Big Island, or the island of Hawaii there is a large number of deserted beaches; The most picturesque focused on the west coast.
The unique beach Papakōlea with green sand is located in the northwest of Hawaii Island. By its color coast, a semi-precious stone chrysolite. To carry sand from the beach is prohibited; For violation, a major fine.
Beach Kikaua It is considered the best to rest kids because of the gentle entrance to the water and calm water. Surrounded by palm trees on the territory of the residential area, however, rest here is available to everyone. In order to get on the coast, you need to say the guards that go to the beach. the entrance is free.
Wide beach Hapuna With snow-white and soft sand, located in the north-west of Hawaii Island, stretched out several hundred feet. Here are gaming zones for children and equipment rental points for water sports. Long gentle entrance to the water makes the beach perfect place to relax kids, and clean and transparent water – for snorkeling and diving.
North of Hapuna Beach is located Mauna Kea Beach with severe entrance to ODU. It features tourists – playgrounds for children and equipment rental, including snorkeling and diving. Rescuers work on the beach. Near the beach there is a small parking. The beach is quite crowded; Most holidaymakers on Mauna Kea tourists – guests located nearby resort complexes.
Snow white beach Maniniowali is located south of Hapuna Beach. There is no infrastructure on this secluded sector; everything you need for a comfortable stay should be brought with you. Maniniowali is considered a good place for diving and snorkeling.
Beach Makalawena, with small white sand and crystal clear water – one of the most secluded on the island. The beach is located on the territory of Kekaha Kai Park; There are practically no tourists and locals here. You can get on Makalawena through the park, on the road leading from Mahaiula Bay.
Beach Wailea Perfect for scuba diving with a tube and mask. The coast is popular among local residents; on weekends here are crowded. Infrastructure on Wailea is not developed.