USA: New Mexico
NEW MEXICO (NEW MEXICO, Area 315.1 thousand. kv. km) lies west of Texas, adjacent in the south to the Mexican border. "Land of charm", or "Staff", Literally dotted with deserts, forests, cities, lakes and mountains and contrary to stereotypes is not at all deserted – 45% of its territory is covered with forests and thickets of shrubs. The state landscape is extremely diverse – the Sangre de Cristo mountain system stretching from the north (up to 4056 m) and Sacramento (up to 3658 m) framed middleweight foothills and strongly rugged ridges "Mesa", Along whom from north to south stretch the green valleys of Riio Grande del Norte and Pekos. Weather conditions are as diverse – in many foothill cities, the temperature above + 37 ° C is not at all something extraordinary, at the same time snow falls in the mountainous regions and intermountains in winter, and from the end of November to mid-April, the ski season lasts. In addition, this is one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse states of the country – there are still strong traditions of indigenous Americans and well-awaiting peoples, as well as settlements of more than 50 ethnic groups of indigenous peoples of the mainland.
Attractions New Mexico
Lying on the slope of a high plateau in the foothills of the Sangre de Cristo, above the valley of the Rio Grande del Norte, the state capital of Santa Fe is one of the most picturesque cities in the US. East of the city lies the territory National Forest Santa Fe, ambient wild Pekoe (Pecos) with several mountain peaks up to 3658 meters and tens hiking trails.
Even the east, 110 km from Santa Fe, begin the slopes of the world famous ski resort Taos, lying between the eponymous plateaus, mountains Sangre de Cristo and the Rio Grande Valley. More than 50 km of trails of all degrees of complexity, some 130 km of hiking and equestrian trails, many scenic slopes and valleys attract a huge number of outdoor activities fans. Nearby you can find good areas for recreation in Red River, Angel-Fire and Ski Rio, and perfectly suitable for alloy River near Taos Box.
In the same area begins the famous "land Pueblo" – area of residence once numerous Indian tribes, who left behind a number of unique samples of their culture. The main attraction of this historic area is a complex Taos – built about 1450 Indian Village in the traditional local style, it is the largest of the surviving. 19 km northwest of Taos is the second highest suspension bridge in the United States – Rio Grande Gorge (1965., 200 meters span height).
The mountainous area between Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Taos still scattered about two dozen villages of the tribe Pueblo, and here you can see how living mountain villages, Welcome in our days, and the magnificent ruins of the previous settlement, like Bandelier or Social. Reservation Tesuke Pueblo dominates the beautiful wooded areas of the National Forest Reserve and the Santa Fe is famous for its picturesque small square with the Catholic Church and the Camel Rock Casino. Nambu Pueblo Located in the agricultural valley 29 km east of Espakol and is surrounded by real juniper forests and several sites of ancient settlements, and in the hills over the reservation there is a desert lake Nambe Basin and a picturesque river with a waterfall. 9 km west is located Santa Clara Pueblo, wide famous for its canyon, in the walls of which is the ancient rock village Pew Cliff-Chulling, Or just drink. Like a similar settlement in Badderman (Canyon Fricholes), this multi-tiered cave complex was cut down in an array of Paharito plateau approximately in 1250-1550. Also worth a visit Santo-de Chimayo Monastery on High Road (between Taos and Santa Fe), huge Church of San Francisco de Assisi in Ranch de Taos or multi-tier "Quarters" Taos Pueblo.
North-west Santa Fe, on the opposite shore of Rio Grande del Norte Valley, is famous Los Alamos With its national laboratory – the main American Center for Nuclear Research, Neurobiology, Informatics, Solar and Geothermal Energy. The only place available here to tourists is the Scientific Museum of Bradbury.
Another 30 km northwest, behind the Rio Grand-Gorge Bridge, stretches "thread" built in 1880 Cumbras railway & Toltec Scenic Railroad – The most exciting example of the road "Steam era", Based on very picturesque places (the road itself is carefully renovated and used for tourist purposes).
385 km north of the Mexican border and 90 km south-west from Santa Fe, in a beautiful valley between the mountains of Sandond and Rio Grande, is the second largest city of the state – Albuquerque.
From the northeastern outskirts of Albuquerque to the top of the Sandondi peak (3090 m, there is a ski resort with 26 tracks) there is a funicular, which is considered one of the longest on the planet (4.3 km). The northern border of the city spread National Historical Plot Koronado, Created on the site of the old Spanish settlement of the time of the Conquists. 14 km northwest of the city center is located National National Reserve Petroglyphs, At some territory, approximately 15 thousand rocking drawings were found, created in about the XIII century to our era. And 64 km north of the city begins southern outflow "Earth Pueblo", where, besides the settlements already described above, you can see the reservation Santo Domingo Pueblo and about 40 settlements around it, as well as the famous settlement Pueblo-Akom, Also known as "Sky city".
Among the wild landscape of the southern part of New Mexico, 450 km south-east of Albuquerque, there is one of the main tourist attractions of the state – Karlsbad caves. Rock Massif Guadalupe Mountains in the area so much "Exed" caves and tunnels, which is actually empty from the inside and forms an extensive underground country to a depth of 250 meters, many sections of which are open to visiting. And 120 km north of the city of Karlsbad lies a small town Rosell, Wide-famous on legends about allegedly fallen here on July 4, 1947 by the ship. North-West from Karlsbad, near Sacramento and Hukarilla Mountains (Western Sobs Llano-Estakado), the reservation of the Indians Mescalero and Apache, many of which have been turned into alpine resorts, among which the fastest growing resort of the south-west of the country – Ruidoso (It is interesting to the Museum of the American West Hibbard and about 29 Winter Trails). The territory begins west of the RUIDOSO National Park White Sands – more than 400 kV. km sparkling on the sun dunes, composed not by sands, as usual, and plaster (these are the greatest gypsum dunes in the world). Unfortunately, most of this desert valley is under the supervision of the US Air Force, equipped here a landfill and a landing pad for shuttle, only the southern half of the dunny section is available for tourists (however, it is often closed to visit during testing periods).
Also deserve the attention of the San Juan and Animas River – one of the best trotown reservoirs in the country, the largest collection of barbed wire in the world – the historical Museum of the Research Institute Tukumkery (Halfway town between Albuquerque and Amarillo, Texas), old Fort Sumner (12 km east of the same city of the same name) with his samner museum and grave Billy Kida, Canyon Chako near Pueblo-Akom, The largest Indian reservation of the country – Navajo (Local residents are famous for both beautiful jewelers manufacturing beautiful silver and turquoise jewelry and sand paintings, as well as National Forest Reserves Carson, Sibol, Lincoln and Santa Fe.
Mountain skiing in New Mexico
Even in the southern New Mexico there are good ski centers, the most famous of which is, perhaps, the combined zone of skiing Ski New Mexico near Albuquerque. It includes several separate mountain resorts (Angel Fire Resort, Enchanted Forest Xc and Snowshoe, Pajarito Mountain Ski Area, Red River Ski Area, Sandia Peak Ski Area, Sipapu Ski and Summer Resort, Ski Apache, Ski Santa Fe and Taos Ski Valley – only more than 200 tracks of all levels of difficulty), Velles Caldera National Park (Valles Caldera National Preserve), as well as the Ski Museum (Login – Free). Interestingly, the local Sandia Peak Tramway cable car, which fell into the Guinness Book of Records as the owner of the longest span in the world (4.3 km), was designed before the Second World War, but it still serves 250 thousand tourists from all over the world annually.