Valencia: In the footsteps of Hannibal and Side Warrior
This area on the southeast coast of Spain attracts from April to October many resort workers from all over Europe. Valencia is 485 km of coastline, many beautiful beaches, 29 campgrounds and 667 hotels.
Commune Valencia consists of three provinces – Castelo, Valencia and Alicante. Here is a surprisingly soft climate – three-quarters of the year warm and hot weather, in the winter the thermometer column is lowered to + 15 °, but in February, tangerine and orange trees bloom in February. In the summer, from July to September, the temperature reaches + 40 °, the weather provides a warm wind with a flatter and warm and wet from the southeast. Valencia hotels crowded from July to September, but the velvet season (March – June and October – December) also attracts lovers of relaxing. On the Valencian coast, there are many opportunities for outdoor activities – golf courses (in Valencia 16 golf clubs), surfing, sailing, bicycle rides, the wealth of the mediterranean waters allows to engage in snorkeling. In Valencia, they speak Catalan (or Valencian) adverbs, which is considered official here, but there are signs in cities in Catalan, and on Castille (that is Spanish).
Valencia is not only the cultural capital of the region, but also the third largest city of Spain. She absorbed the features of many who have long gone crops and eras. Founded by the Romans in 138 to N.NS. and received the Roman name, Valencia remembers Vestpretya, Mavrov, Aragonev. In 714 g. Valencia captured Arabs, creating the Moorish kingdom that flourished thanks to agriculture and trade. In 1094, the city took Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar and turned it into the Christian Principality. Greed in his youth, the valiant knight got his nickname of Side Warrior, in Valencia he rules until the end of his life. Shortly after his death, Muslims seized the city, and Christians, fleeing, took the body of their commander. In 1238, the city was again conquered by Christians, and Highime I the conqueror was founded by the Kingdom of Valencia, who joined the Union of the Kingdoms of Aragon and Catalonia.
During the XV and XVI centuries, Valencia has become one of the largest economic powers of the Mediterranean coast. This time is the flowering of arts of Valencia – characterized by magnificent works of Marorell, Marha, Khaima Roiga. By the XVII century, after expulsion from the region of Christianized Moors (Moriscov) who contributed to the prosperity of not only Valencia, but also Spain in general, the Valenissy fought against Castilian and French conquerors. During the war, the Spanish legacy of Valencia adopted the side of the Erzgertzoga Austrian Charles, so after the victory of Burbones in the battle of Almans in April 1707, Philip V abolished local privileges of Valenters. Autonomous status Valencia received in 1982. Today, about a million inhabitants live here, the economic significance of this center is constantly growing, Valencia is inferior to only Madrid and Barcelona.
The city center is the square in front of the Cathedral of Placa de La Reina. Santa Maria Cathedral is a great example of mixing styles and epochs characteristic of Valencia. He was erected on the site of the demolished Moorish mosque in 1262. The Gothic Cathedral itself, while his entrance is built in the Romanesque style, the celi of priests – in a baroque style, and several chapels are more likely to the Renaissance era. From the site on the bell tower, El Mikalet opens a magnificent panorama of Valencia. The inner decoration of the cathedral is known by the paintings of Fernando Yanez and Fernando de Lianena, the students of Leonardo da Vinci, in which the scenes of the life of the Virgin Mary are depicted. In the Gothic Chapel of the Holy Grail is a mystical relic, in search of which the legendary king of Arthur has been equipped here. This is a bowl for communion, according to legend who keeps the blood drops of Christ, was brought to Valencia in the XV century. In the temple near the Dagella Museum, Goya pictures are exhibited. Cathedral is known every Thursday in the gates of the apostles by water vessels. Senoras and a judicial officer settling disputes between farms that take water from the irrigation canals of Valencia. The court lasts very quickly, but attracts whole crowds of tourists, because it is an integral part of the everyday life of Valencian life.
The Square of the Virgin Mary can be found immediately. It is filled with cafes, in the center there is a fountain, flies of pigeons fly here. Here is the Basilica of Nourera-Senora de Los Desamparados XVII century, in which the statue of the Madonna XIV century is stored, the patroness of the disadvantaged. This is the traditional place of prayers of the inhabitants of Valencia. The interior of the church is eclectic, retained the frescoes of the artist Palomino. Government Palace is a Renaissance building, a local government is sitting here, the symbol of the autonomy of the region. During the excursion to his halls, you can see the paintings of the artist. From the time of the antiquity in Valencia, the guard towers remained, sometime served and the gates, through which it was possible to enter the city from the West. This is Torres de Serranos, built in the XIII century, and Torres de Courta, built in the XV century.
Once in Valencia, you will certainly feel her great trading past. Building indoor central market is one of the largest in Europe, its area is 8000 sq. meters. Here reigns the mixture of flavors, languages, on Sundays the market is closed. Not far from the market is Lonie, Silk Exchange, the Gothic Building of which is decorated with great stained glass windows. Once here really traded silk, today there are exhibitions and publish presentations. Trinkets and souvenirs can be bought on Plaza Redonda Square (Round Square). Valencia is famous for its pottery and ceramic products – beautiful plates, circles, tiles, as well as lace. Lace capes (Mantillas), scarves and fans are sold almost everywhere. Dear shops are located on the Ajuntament Square, the city historical museum is located here, in which the first banner of Valencia and autonomy decree is stored. Like any Spanish city, Valencia has its own arena for the Corrida. Fans of Fine Arts Be sure to visit the Institute of Contemporary Art of Valencia (IVAM). In this museum, open in 1989, the works of Julio Gonzalez, Ignacio Pinazo and Anthony Tapies. In the Museum of Contemporary Art, you can see the masterpieces of world famous Ribers, Velasquez (Self-portrait), Wang Dequee, Murillo, El Greco, Goya. In addition, the Museum in Valencia can be visited by the Ceramics Museum, Paleontological Museum, Museum of the Corrida.
Valencia – green and blooming city due to a large number of gardens and parks. Royal Gardens, adjacent to the Museum of Contemporary Art, are known for their palm avenue and picturesque pond. Once there was a royal palace here, but today there are magnificent pink bushes, exotic trees, as well as the city zoo. In the city, of course, there is a Botanical Garden, which is the first of its kind in Spain. It grows thousands of types of trees and plants. In sixteen kilometers south of Valencia, the famous freshwater lake Albuofer, separated from the sea, Dunes. On his shores, it has long been grown rice. In 1986, the lake was announced by the reserve, many species of birds nest here. However, drought and irrigation systems cause tremendous damage to the lake.
The coast of Valencia is rich in resort towns. Tell about one of them. Not far from Valencia, namely north of her, is the town of Sagunk. It is located on the mountain of the ridge of Sierra Calderon. Sagunt, or Sagunto, has a two-year-haired history. This is a city of contrasts and contradictions, he and ancient, and at the same time modern, new and old, rural and urban. The main sectors of the economy of this modest city port are trade, tourism, as well as the cultivation of citrus. Sagunto is 13 km of the coast, a great place of rest. The most famous beaches – Malvarrosa, Corinto, Almarada, Puerto Sagunt. On Sagunto beaches you will see the flags of the European Community, which indicates a high characteristic, excellent service and conditions in hotels. These symbols of environmental beauty were handed over to the coast of Costa Blanca 80 times.
The first settlements in Sagunto belong to the Bronze Age, in the V century BC.NS. Stone walls and urban fortress were built here. The city developed and led an active trade with the Greeks and the Phoenicians, but the usual life of the Sagunto was disturbed by Opiota Hannibal in 219 BC.NS. During the second Punic Wars in which the Romans won, the city became known as Saguntum. After the Romans, guests in the city were Vandals, Goths, Byzantines, Mauria. In the domination of Arabs, Sagunto again gained its magnificence, baths, palaces, mosques, schools were built. Christian Sagunto became like Valencia, in 1238. There are many attractions in the city. Fortress structures, in fact, in a kilometer, are alive witnesses of the battle between Hannibal and city residents. Later buildings were carried out by the Romans, Goths, Moors and Christians. In 1931, the fortress became a historical monument. It is divided into seven sites. Plaza de Almenara is the easternmost part of it, with a pavement, laid by the Romans, and buildings of different eras. Plaza de Santa Maria Magdalena is located in the very center of the fortress, the Roman Forum has been preserved here, the ancient columns and spiers, and the water tank, or simply the well, is right in the rock and is here with the time of Romans.
Plaza de la Conejera was once an Arab fortress. Plaza de la Ciudadela – the most elevated part of the fortress. She also carries the name of Hercules by the name of one of the towers, in which in 1811 residents persistently defended from the French troops. Plaza del Dos De Mayo looks to the West, named after the hero of war of independence. In Sigunto, a lot of evidence of Roman domination. One of them is the Roman theater, built in the first century.NS., He is famous for excellent acoustics, so today there are performances and concerts. In addition, the landmark of Sagunto is Diana Castle, built in the IV century BC.NS. According to legend, the goddess Diana itself was saved during the siege of the city of Hannibal. Interesting and rare monuments in Sagunto many, here you can spend more than one day.
Beaches of the Valencia coast someone may seem very crowded. In the season here really, there is no apple to fall, the population of resort cities increases ten times, but sea water and sand remain amazingly clean. Even the Spaniards themselves are very part arrived on vacation on Costa Blanca. Here are the sea, both the beach, and older, and traditional cuisine, as well as a huge number of attractions, museums, vintage parks, palaces, fortresses, cathedrals and churches. There is something to do and the most demanding lover of historical monuments, and tourists tired of beach rest. For lovers of active nightlife Costa Blanca – Real Paradise. Many disco, bars, flamenco shows work until morning, it is not necessary to move by car. At night, the train-all-star train runs, which will give you anywhere in the coast. In addition to such a pastime in different cities, many holidays. Fiesta take place everywhere in honor of the local saints, a statue of the Virgin Mary, Patron Fiesta, accompanied by colorful processions, are honored with relics, statues. And Valencia fireworks are considered the most beautiful in Europe. You can stay on the coast in such resort cities as Kulle, Gandia, Dénia, Havea, Calpa, Altea, Benidorm, and others.
Valencian cuisine is very diverse. It reflects the wealth of local products – seafood, rice, vegetables, meat and bird. What else can you come up? Now it is difficult to imagine that the most grown vegetables and fruit coming here today did not know. In the same way, it is impossible to believe that the famous spaghetti was borrowed by the Italians in the East, and the tomatoes and potatoes Europe found out only after the opening of America. In the VIII-XI centuries, Mauri was brought to the Iberian peninsula many crops – rice, oranges, apricots, dates, even olive trees were delivered from the Middle East. The Romans helped the Valencian Earth to become so fruitful thanks to the irrigation systems constructed by them. In Valencia, where rains are incredible, peasants with the help of gateways and channels have long been irrigated their fields with water from wells and rivers.
The most famous dish of Valencia, of course, is Paella. It can be enjoyed almost in any corner of Spain, but the recipe was born exactly here. It consists of rice boiled on meat broth, with the addition of various ingredients – seafood, meat, sets of spices, olive oil, tomatoes. For some recipes in Palela, noodles are used instead of rice. In Valencia, a lot of dishes are prepared on the basis of rice. Arros Al Forn (rice roasted in the oven), Arros AMB Fesols I Naps (with beans and repkah). The most famous delicacy – Ali-Ole – garlic sauce with olive oil, which is filled with rice dishes. In addition to Rice dishes here are popular meat meat figatell, Esgarrat, salted cod with sweet pepper. All this is usually powered by Valencian wines, white from Alto Turia and Serrania or red from Requena, Utiel and Campo de Lliria. For dessert, all restaurants offer Valencia fruits, cheeses, tangerine nuuu, as well as cooked Slavs, such as Pai out of sweet potatoes. About the diversity of the seafood of the Valencian coast, it is not even worth it, it is better to try everything yourself.