Now the crown is called money good ten European states. but "Royal" The origin does this name for extinction. Monarchy in Europe is no longer in fashion – unlike the idea of currency unification. And crowns already in 15 years can finally give way to more "Politcharge" Money – Euro.
In the Middle Ages name "crown" assigned to those coins on which the image of the reigning person was minted. It comes from the word "Crown". In different languages, writing this word looks different, but it sounds like. So, for example, in England, this Crown, in Denmark Corona, and in Austria – Krone.
"Royal" The origin of the crown was due to the main area of its use. With its appearance and widespread dissemination, these coins are obliged entirely to flourishing in Europe in the Middle Ages by monarchies.
Gold and silver crowns began to be minted in France back in the XIV century. Later they got widespread in England. The first Golden Crown was released here in 1526, with Henrich VIII (1509-1547). They say, not the last role in the release of a new coin played envy of this monarch in relation to French "Solar Crown". Countries celebrating with each other, could not leave even such achievements of competitors like coins. So the English appeared "Crown with Rose". Rose in its name appeared thanks to the coat of arms shield with a rose, minted on the reverse of coins. Initially, these coins were valued in three shillings and six pence. However, a double-rose coin was released later, and its cost increased to five shillings.
However, all subsequent English monarchs did not miss the opportunity to change the design and weight of coins to their taste, and even the name has changed 1 (1603-1625). With it, the so-called British Crown appeared. But with the new title, this golden coin lived on a short time in 1663, Krona lost to the place.
Much longer than his golden tar lasted in England Silver Crohn. From 1551, an obverse of this coin depicted a king riding a horse, from 1625 – just a portrait of a king. Since 1826, coins with the image of the king have ceased – on the obverse appeared holy georgy with a dragon. However, even without king, the coin still remained a crown and minted until 1968. Yes, and now in England, old crowns are not a big rarity, although the place of the calculated currency, of course, belongs to the modern pound of sterling and translating coins of Pensam.
Another kind of crown has long minted in Denmark. On the reverse, the coins were placed its name "Danish crown". The beginning of the chasing of this coin was made by Christian IV Danish in 1618. New silver coins won such popularity among the population, which at first they were exchanged for one and a half of the old Talera. At the same time, the thaler contained 38.7 grams of silver, and in the new "crown" Silver was only 32.5 grams. By 1625, its value was still reduced to 1.33 taler. After stopping the chasing of the Krona Thalers became the main coins on the territory of Denmark and Norway. Even now, local currencies are called crowns, but silver coins, of course, gave way to banknotes.
In 1892, the Golden Crown introduced the Austrovenger Empire. One Crown contained 0.30488 grams of gold and shared on 100 geller. For the convenience of calculations, coins were minted with a large denomination (up to 20 kroons) and exchange coins. For the last gold and even silver did not spend gellers were bronze and nickel. Austria-Hungary, in contrast to many great naval powers of that time, almost did not have gold on their territory or in colonies. The lack of noble metal affected not only in Gellers – for settlements with other countries continued to use old coins of dukati. Yes, and gold crowns were minted here for a short time – in circulation they lasted only until 1899. More practical paper banknotes came to replace. The stability of paper crown guaranteed the possibility of sharing on gold at any time. And after World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Crohon disappeared with the empire itself.
However, the money of a number of European states has retained the name "crown". In addition to Denmark and Norway, it is Sweden, Iceland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Faroe Islands and a few more small self-governing territories. Recently, Estonia joined this company – after leaving the USSR, the former republic returned to its historical currency.
Such a concentration of crowns exclusively in Europe pays the main danger to this currency. And the point here is not that in Europe there are still less kings. Just listed states if not included in the European Union, then there are in line for joining it. And in his plans, as you know, replacing national currencies for a single monetary unit – Euro. So there are all the chances of the fact that by 2015 the name "crown" can be found only in historical works.